UNITED STATES
SECURITIES AND EXCHANGE COMMISSION
Washington, D.C. 20549

FORM 10-Q

QUARTERLY REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the quarterly period ended September 30, 2020

OR

TRANSITION REPORT PURSUANT TO SECTION 13 OR 15(d) OF THE SECURITIES EXCHANGE ACT OF 1934

For the transition period from _______ to _______

Commission file number: 000-25927

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
(Exact name of registrant as specified in its charter)

Michigan

38-3391345
(State or other jurisdiction of  incorporation or organization)
 
(I.R.S. Employer Identification No.)

10753 Macatawa Drive, Holland, Michigan 49424
(Address of principal executive offices) (Zip Code)

Registrant's telephone number, including area code: (616) 820-1444

Securities registered pursuant to Section 12(b) of the Act:

 
Title of each class
 
Trading Symbol
 
Name of each exchange on which registered
 
Common stock
 
MCBC
 
NASDAQ

Indicate by checkmark whether the registrant: (1) has filed all reports required to be filed by Section 13 or 15(d) of the Securities Exchange Act of 1934 during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to file such reports), and (2) has been subject to such filing requirements for the past 90 days.
Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant has submitted electronically every Interactive Data File required to be submitted pursuant to Rule 405 of Regulation S-T (§232.405 of this chapter) during the preceding 12 months (or for such shorter period that the registrant was required to submit such files). Yes No

Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a large accelerated filer, an accelerated filer, a non-accelerated filer, a smaller reporting company, or an emerging growth company. See the definitions of “large accelerated filer,” “accelerated filer,” “smaller reporting company” and “emerging growth company” in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act:

Large accelerated filer
Accelerated filer
Non-accelerated filer
Smaller reporting company
Emerging Growth Company

If an emerging growth company, indicate by check mark if the registrant has elected not to use the extended transition period for complying with any new or revised financial accounting standards provided pursuant to Section 13(a) of the Exchange Act. 
 
Indicate by check mark whether the registrant is a shell company (as defined in Rule 12b-2 of the Exchange Act). Yes No
 
The number of shares outstanding of each of the issuer's classes of common stock, as of the latest practicable date: 34,101,320 shares of the Company's Common Stock (no par value) were outstanding as of October 22, 2020.
 


Forward-Looking Statements
 
This report contains forward-looking statements that are based on management's beliefs, assumptions, current expectations, estimates and projections about the financial services industry, the economy, and Macatawa Bank Corporation. Forward-looking statements are identifiable by words or phrases such as “outlook”, “plan” or “strategy”; that an event or trend “could”, “may”, “should”, “will”, “is likely”, or is “possible” or “probable” to occur or “continue”, has “begun” or “is scheduled” or “on track” or that the Company or its management “anticipates”, “believes”, “estimates”, “plans”, “forecasts”, “intends”, “predicts”, “projects”, or “expects” a particular result, or is “committed”, “confident”, “optimistic” or has an “opinion” that an event will occur, or other words or phrases such as “ongoing”, “future”, “signs”, “efforts”, “tend”, “exploring”, “appearing”, “until”, “near term”, “concern”, “going forward”, “focus”, “starting”, “initiative,” “trend” and variations of such words and similar expressions. Such statements are based upon current beliefs and expectations and involve substantial risks and uncertainties which could cause actual results to differ materially from those expressed or implied by such forward-looking statements. These statements include, among others, those related to the risks and uncertainties related to, and the impact of, the global coronavirus (COVID-19) pandemic on the business, financial condition and results of operations of our company and our customers, future levels of earning assets, future composition of our loan portfolio, trends in credit quality metrics, future capital levels and capital needs, real estate valuation, future levels of repossessed and foreclosed properties and nonperforming assets, future levels of losses and costs associated with the administration and disposition of repossessed and foreclosed properties and nonperforming assets, future levels of loan charge-offs, future levels of other real estate owned, future levels of provisions for loan losses and reserve recoveries, the rate of asset dispositions, future dividends, future growth and funding sources, future cost of funds, future liquidity levels, future profitability levels, future interest rate levels, future net interest margin levels, the effects on earnings of changes in interest rates, future economic conditions, future effects of new or changed accounting standards, future loss recoveries, loan demand and loan growth and the future level of other revenue sources. Management's determination of the provision and allowance for loan losses, the appropriate carrying value of intangible assets (including deferred tax assets) and other real estate owned, and the fair value of investment securities (including whether any impairment on any investment security is temporary or other-than-temporary and the amount of any impairment) involves judgments that are inherently forward-looking. All statements with references to future time periods are forward-looking. All of the information concerning interest rate sensitivity is forward-looking. The future effect of changes in the real estate, financial and credit markets and the national and regional economy on the banking industry, generally, and Macatawa Bank Corporation, specifically, are also inherently uncertain. These statements are not guarantees of future performance and involve certain risks, uncertainties and assumptions (“risk factors”) that are difficult to predict with regard to timing, extent, likelihood and degree of occurrence. Therefore, actual results and outcomes may materially differ from what may be expressed or forecasted in such forward-looking statements. Macatawa Bank Corporation does not undertake to update forward-looking statements to reflect the impact of circumstances or events that may arise after the date of the forward-looking statements.
 
Risk factors include, but are not limited to, the risk factors described in "Item 1A - Risk Factors" of our Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019. These and other factors are representative of the risk factors that may emerge and could cause a difference between an ultimate actual outcome and a preceding forward-looking statement.


INDEX

   
Page
Number
     
Part I.
Financial Information:
 
     
 
Item 1.
 
 
4
     
 
10
     
 
Item 2.
 
 
38
     
 
Item 3.
 
 
55
     
 
Item 4.
 
 
56
     
Part II.
Other Information:
 
     
 
Item 1A
 
 
57
     
 
Item 2.
 
 
58
     
 
Item 6.
 
 
58
     
 
59


Part I  Financial Information
Item 1.

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED BALANCE SHEETS
As of September 30, 2020 (unaudited) and December 31, 2019
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


   
September 30,
2020
   
December 31,
2019
 
ASSETS
           
Cash and due from banks
 
$
28,294
   
$
31,942
 
Federal funds sold and other short-term investments
   
504,706
     
240,508
 
Cash and cash equivalents
   
533,000
     
272,450
 
Debt securities available for sale, at fair value
   
229,928
     
225,249
 
Debt securities held to maturity (fair value 2020 - $95,142 and 2019 - $85,128)
   
91,394
     
82,720
 
Federal Home Loan Bank (FHLB) stock
   
11,558
     
11,558
 
Loans held for sale, at fair value
   
3,508
     
3,294
 
Total loans
   
1,542,335
     
1,385,627
 
Allowance for loan losses
   
(16,558
)
   
(17,200
)
Net loans
   
1,525,777
     
1,368,427
 
Premises and equipment – net
   
43,733
     
43,417
 
Accrued interest receivable
   
6,895
     
4,866
 
Bank-owned life insurance
   
42,368
     
42,156
 
Other real estate owned - net
   
2,624
     
2,748
 
Net deferred tax asset
   
2,437
     
2,078
 
Other assets
   
15,496
     
9,807
 
Total assets
 
$
2,508,718
   
$
2,068,770
 
LIABILITIES AND SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
               
Deposits
               
Noninterest-bearing
 
$
738,471
   
$
482,499
 
Interest-bearing
   
1,432,108
     
1,270,795
 
Total deposits
   
2,170,579
     
1,753,294
 
Other borrowed funds
   
70,000
     
60,000
 
Long-term debt
   
20,619
     
20,619
 
Accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
13,655
     
17,388
 
Total liabilities
   
2,274,853
     
1,851,301
 
Commitments and contingent liabilities
   
     
 
Shareholders' equity
               
Common stock, no par value, 200,000,000 shares authorized; 34,101,320 and 34,103,542 shares issued and outstanding at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019
   
218,445
     
218,109
 
Retained earnings (deficit)
   
10,825
     
(2,184
)
Accumulated other comprehensive income
   
4,595
     
1,544
 
Total shareholders' equity
   
233,865
     
217,469
 
Total liabilities and shareholders' equity
 
$
2,508,718
   
$
2,068,770
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-4-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF INCOME
Three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


   
Three Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Three Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
 
Interest income
                       
Loans, including fees
 
$
13,854
   
$
15,604
   
$
43,194
   
$
48,179
 
Securities
                               
Taxable
   
867
     
968
     
2,881
     
2,952
 
Tax-exempt
   
861
     
919
     
2,607
     
2,623
 
FHLB Stock
   
100
     
158
     
339
     
476
 
Federal funds sold and other short-term investments
   
140
     
1,430
     
802
     
3,278
 
Total interest income
   
15,822
     
19,079
     
49,823
     
57,508
 
Interest expense
                               
Deposits
   
621
     
2,343
     
3,118
     
6,965
 
Other borrowings
   
364
     
349
     
1,069
     
1,021
 
Long-term debt
   
163
     
551
     
612
     
1,710
 
Total interest expense
   
1,148
     
3,243
     
4,799
     
9,696
 
Net interest income
   
14,674
     
15,836
     
45,024
     
47,812
 
Provision for loan losses
   
500
     
     
2,200
     
(450
)
Net interest income after provision for loan losses
   
14,174
     
15,836
     
42,824
     
48,262
 
Noninterest income
                               
Service charges and fees
   
987
     
1,139
     
2,957
     
3,267
 
Net gains on mortgage loans
   
1,546
     
824
     
4,045
     
1,650
 
Trust fees
   
921
     
920
     
2,801
     
2,813
 
ATM and debit card fees
   
1,542
     
1,469
     
4,199
     
4,276
 
Gain on sales of securities
   
     
     
     
 
Bank owned life insurance ("BOLI") income
   
215
     
252
     
688
     
737
 
Other
   
881
     
609
     
2,214
     
1,896
 
Total noninterest income
   
6,092
     
5,213
     
16,904
     
14,639
 
Noninterest expense
                               
Salaries and benefits
   
6,480
     
6,272
     
18,937
     
18,895
 
Occupancy of premises
   
1,026
     
966
     
2,984
     
3,055
 
Furniture and equipment
   
967
     
887
     
2,704
     
2,597
 
Legal and professional
   
260
     
211
     
798
     
652
 
Marketing and promotion
   
239
     
228
     
716
     
689
 
Data processing
   
761
     
735
     
2,309
     
2,226
 
FDIC assessment
   
131
     
     
207
     
239
 
Interchange and other card expense
   
367
     
347
     
1,041
     
1,057
 
Bond and D&O Insurance
   
104
     
103
     
313
     
309
 
Net (gains) losses on repossessed and foreclosed properties
   
     
     
32
     
(69
)
Administration and disposition of problem assets
   
25
     
46
     
71
     
183
 
Other
   
1,173
     
1,214
     
3,647
     
3,749
 
Total noninterest expenses
   
11,533
     
11,009
     
33,759
     
33,582
 
Income before income tax
   
8,733
     
10,040
     
25,969
     
29,319
 
Income tax expense
   
1,613
     
1,882
     
4,800
     
5,512
 
Net income
 
$
7,120
   
$
8,158
   
$
21,169
   
$
23,807
 
Basic earnings per common share
 
$
0.21
   
$
0.24
   
$
0.62
   
$
0.70
 
Diluted earnings per common share
 
$
0.21
   
$
0.24
   
$
0.62
   
$
0.70
 
Cash dividends per common share
 
$
0.08
   
$
0.07
   
$
0.24
   
$
0.21
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-5-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF COMPREHENSIVE INCOME
Three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


   
Three Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Three Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
 
Net income
 
$
7,120
   
$
8,158
   
$
21,169
   
$
23,807
 
Other comprehensive income:
                               
Unrealized gains (losses):
                               
Net change in unrealized gains (losses) on debt securities available for sale
   
39
     
468
     
3,865
     
5,049
 
Tax effect
   
(8
)
   
(98
)
   
(814
)
   
(1,060
)
Net change in unrealized gains (losses) on debt securities available for sale, net of tax
   
31
     
370
     
3,051
     
3,989
 
Less: reclassification adjustments:
                               
Reclassification for gains included in net income
   
     
     
     
 
Tax effect
   
     
     
     
 
Reclassification for gains included in net income, net of tax
   
     
     
     
 
Other comprehensive income (loss), net of tax
   
31
     
370
     
3,051
     
3,989
 
Comprehensive income
 
$
7,151
   
$
8,528
   
$
24,220
   
$
27,796
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-6-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CHANGES IN SHAREHOLDERS' EQUITY
Three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands, except per share data)


   
Common
Stock
   
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Balance, July 1, 2019
 
$
217,942
   
$
(13,764
)
 
$
1,341
   
$
205,519
 
Net income for the three months ended September 30, 2019
   
     
8,158
     
     
8,158
 
Cash dividends at $.07 per share
   
     
(2,372
)
   
     
(2,372
)
Net change in unrealized gain on debt securities available for sale, net of tax
   
     
     
370
     
370
 
Stock compensation expense
   
110
     
     
     
110
 
Balance, September 30, 2019
 
$
218,052
   
$
(7,978
)
 
$
1,711
   
$
211,785
 
                                 
Balance, July 1, 2020
 
$
218,349
   
$
6,425
   
$
4,564
   
$
229,338
 
Net income for the three months ended September 30, 2020
   
     
7,120
     
     
7,120
 
Cash dividends at $.08 per share
   
     
(2,720
)
   
     
(2,720
)
Repurchase of 1,696 shares for taxes withheld on vested restricted stock
   
(13
)
   
     
     
(13
)
Net change in unrealized gain on debt securities available for sale, net of tax
   
     
     
31
     
31
 
Stock compensation expense
   
109
     
     
     
109
 
Balance, September 30, 2020
 
$
218,445
   
$
10,825
   
$
4,595
   
$
233,865
 

   
Common
Stock
   
Retained
Earnings
(Deficit)
   
Accumulated
Other
Comprehensive
Income (Loss)
   
Total
Shareholders'
Equity
 
Balance, January 1, 2019
 
$
217,783
   
$
(24,652
)
 
$
(2,278
)
 
$
190,853
 
Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2019
   
     
23,807
     
     
23,807
 
Cash dividends at $.21 per share
   
     
(7,133
)
   
     
(7,133
)
Repurchase of 452 shares for taxes withheld on vested restricted stock
   
(5
)
   
     
     
(5
)
Net change in unrealized gain on debt securities available for sale, net of tax
   
     
     
3,989
     
3,989
 
Stock compensation expense
   
274
     
     
     
274
 
Balance, September 30, 2019
 
$
218,052
   
$
(7,978
)
 
$
1,711
   
$
211,785
 
                                 
Balance, January 1, 2020
 
$
218,109
   
$
(2,184
)
 
$
1,544
   
$
217,469
 
Net income for the nine months ended September 30, 2020
   
     
21,169
     
     
21,169
 
Cash dividends at $.24 per share
   
     
(8,160
)
   
     
(8,160
)
Repurchase of 3,304 shares for taxes withheld on vested restricted stock
   
(24
)
   
     
     
(24
)
Net change in unrealized gain on debt securities available for sale, net of tax
   
     
     
3,051
     
3,051
 
Stock compensation expense
   
360
     
     
     
360
 
Balance, September 30, 2020
 
$
218,445
   
$
10,825
   
$
4,595
   
$
233,865
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-7-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS
Nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
 
Cash flows from operating activities
           
Net income
 
$
21,169
   
$
23,807
 
Adjustments to reconcile net income to net cash from operating activities:
               
Depreciation and amortization
   
2,105
     
1,675
 
Stock compensation expense
   
360
     
274
 
Provision for loan losses
   
2,200
     
(450
)
Origination of loans for sale
   
(120,171
)
   
(53,709
)
Proceeds from sales of loans originated for sale
   
124,002
     
54,457
 
Net gains on mortgage loans
   
(4,045
)
   
(1,650
)
Write-down of other real estate
   
32
     
10
 
Net (gain) loss on sales of other real estate
   
     
(79
)
Deferred income tax expense
   
(1,174
)
   
222
 
Change in accrued interest receivable and other assets
   
(7,450
)
   
(5,173
)
Earnings in bank-owned life insurance
   
(688
)
   
(737
)
Change in accrued expenses and other liabilities
   
4,483
     
4,391
 
Net cash from operating activities
   
20,823
     
23,038
 
Cash flows from investing activities
               
Loan originations and payments, net
   
(159,550
)
   
29,150
 
Purchases of securities available for sale
   
(102,158
)
   
(23,023
)
Purchases of securities held to maturity
   
(29,745
)
   
(17,778
)
Proceeds from:
               
Maturities and calls of securities
   
86,667
     
45,839
 
Principal paydowns on securities
   
27,423
     
6,324
 
Sales of other real estate
   
92
     
340
 
Additions to premises and equipment
   
(2,103
)
   
(1,001
)
Net cash from investing activities
   
(179,374
)
   
39,851
 
Cash flows from financing activities
               
Change in deposits
   
417,285
     
143,401
 
Repayments and maturities of other borrowed funds
   
     
(10,000
)
Proceeds from other borrowed funds
   
10,000
     
10,000
 
Repurchase of shares for taxes withheld on vested restricted stock
   
(24
)
   
(5
)
Cash dividends paid
   
(8,160
)
   
(7,133
)
Net cash from financing activities
   
419,101
     
136,263
 
Net change in cash and cash equivalents
   
260,550
     
199,152
 
Cash and cash equivalents at beginning of period
   
272,450
     
171,284
 
Cash and cash equivalents at end of period
 
$
533,000
   
$
370,436
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-8-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
CONSOLIDATED STATEMENTS OF CASH FLOWS (Continued)
Nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019
(unaudited)
(Dollars in thousands)


   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Nine Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
 
Supplemental cash flow information
           
Interest paid
 
$
5,043
   
$
9,646
 
Income taxes paid
   
5,315
     
5,100
 
Supplemental noncash disclosures:
               
Security settlement
   
1,937
     
650
 

See accompanying notes to consolidated financial statements.

-9-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES
 
Principles of Consolidation: The accompanying consolidated financial statements include the accounts of Macatawa Bank Corporation ("the Company", "our", "we") and its wholly-owned subsidiary, Macatawa Bank ("the Bank"). All significant intercompany accounts and transactions have been eliminated in consolidation.
 
Macatawa Bank is a Michigan chartered bank with depository accounts insured by the Federal Deposit Insurance Corporation. The Bank operates 26 full service branch offices providing a full range of commercial and consumer banking and trust services in Kent County, Ottawa County, and northern Allegan County, Michigan.
 
The Company owns all of the common stock of Macatawa Statutory Trust II. This is a grantor trust that issued trust preferred securities and is not consolidated with the Company under accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America.

Recent Events: In December 2019, news began to surface regarding an influenza pandemic in China, known as the novel coronavirus, or COVID-19. In January 2020, the United States restricted entry to anyone traveling from China.  In February 2020, the pandemic spread broadly and swiftly throughout Europe and the Middle East. Cases began to surface in the United States in February 2020 and accelerated in early March 2020.  The Federal Reserve reduced the overnight federal funds rate by 50 basis points on March 3, 2020 and by another 100 basis points on March 15, 2020 and announced the resumption of quantitative easing.  During the week of March 9, 2020, individual states began implementing restrictions and promoting “social distancing”.  These restrictions included closure of schools, restrictions on the number of public gatherings, restrictions on businesses, including closures and mandatory work at home orders, and other measures.

In Michigan, beginning March 24, 2020, Governor Gretchen Whitmer issued a series of executive orders, which severely limited economic activity in Michigan, requiring businesses not deemed to be essential, to severely limit or shut down operations.  Under later executive orders, Governor Whitmer permitted a phased reopening of businesses, subject to stringent health and safety requirements and strict social distancing measures.  As of September 30, 2020, most businesses in Michigan were allowed to be open in some capacity, subject to stringent health and safety requirements, strict social distancing measures and nonsurgical face mask requirements. Congress passed a number of measures in late March 2020, designed to infuse cash into the economy to offset the negative impacts of business closings and restrictions.

The Company quickly responded to the changing environment by successfully executing its business continuity plan, including implementing work from home arrangements and limiting branch activities.  As of September 30, 2020, branches were fully open with additional health and safety requirements to comply with Governor Whitmer’s then-current executive orders, including, among other things, daily deep cleaning, nonsurgical face mask requirements and strict social distancing measures.

On October 2, and 12, 2020, the Michigan Supreme Court issued decisions invalidating all of Governor Whitmer’s executive orders effective immediately.  In response, Governor Whitmer, acting through various state agencies, has sought to substantially re-implement the requirements of the executive orders by way of state agency emergency orders.  Also, certain county and municipal governments have issued emergency orders seeking to keep elements of the executive orders in place.  Legal challenges to these orders may occur.  Finally, the Michigan legislature has passed legislation – which Governor Whitmer is expected to sign and enact into law – codifying certain elements of the executive orders.  The patchwork implementation of state agency and local government executive orders – coupled with the possibility of legal challenges to these orders – creates uncertainty as to legal requirements applicable to businesses, institutions and individuals in Michigan.  This uncertainty may have a negative impact on the business, financial condition, and results of operations of the Company and its customers.

On March 22, 2020, the federal banking agencies issued an “Interagency Statement on Loan Modifications and Reporting for Financial Institutions Working with Customers Affected by the Coronavirus”.  This guidance encourages financial institutions to work prudently with borrowers that may be unable to meet their contractual obligations because of the effects of COVID-19.  The guidance goes on to explain that in consultation with the FASB staff the federal banking agencies conclude that short-term modifications (e.g. six months) made on a good faith basis to borrowers who were current as of the implementation date of a relief program are not Troubled Debt Restructurings (“TDRs”).  The Coronavirus Aid, Relief and Economic Security (“CARES”) Act was passed by Congress on March 27, 2020.  Section 4013 of the CARES Act also addressed COVID-19 related modifications and specified that COVID-19 related modifications on loans that were current as of December 31, 2019 are not TDRs.  Through September 30, 2020, the Bank had applied this guidance and modified 726 individual loans with aggregate principal balances totaling $337.2 million.  The majority of these modifications involved three-month extensions.

-10-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

By September 30, 2020, most of these modifications had expired, other than those receiving a second short-term modification as allowed under the guidance.  At September 30, 2020, there were 26 such loans under COVID-19 modification, totaling $79.9 million.  This is down from a quarter end peak of $297.3 million at June 30, 2020.

The CARES Act, as amended, included an allocation of $659 billion for loans to be issued by financial institutions through the Small Business Administration (“SBA”) Paycheck Protection Program (“PPP”).   PPP loans are forgivable, in whole or in part, if the proceeds are used for payroll and other permitted purposes in accordance with the requirements of the PPP.  These loans carry a fixed rate of 1.00% and a term of two years (loans made before June 5, 2020) or five years (loans made on or after June 5, 2020), if not forgiven, in whole or in part.  Payments are deferred until either the date on which the SBA remits the amount of forgiveness proceeds to the lender or the date that is 10 months after the last day of the covered period if the borrower does not apply for forgiveness within that 10 month period. Through September 30, 2020, the Bank had originated 1,738 PPP loans totaling $346.7 million in principal, with an average loan size of $200,000.   Fees totaling $10.0 million were collected from the SBA for these loans in the nine months ended September 30, 2020.  These fees are deferred and amortized into interest income over the contractual period of 24 months or 60 months, as applicable.  Upon SBA forgiveness, unamortized fees are then recognized into interest income.  Participation in the PPP had a significant impact on the Bank’s asset mix and net interest income in the second and third quarters of 2020 and will continue to impact both asset mix and net interest income for the remainder of 2020.  The PPP program expired on August 8, 2020.
 
Basis of Presentation: The accompanying unaudited consolidated financial statements have been prepared in accordance with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for interim financial information and with the instructions to Form 10-Q and Article 10 of Regulation S-X. Accordingly, they do not include all of the information and footnotes required by accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America for complete financial statements. In the opinion of management, all adjustments (consisting only of normal recurring accruals) believed necessary for a fair presentation have been included.
 
Operating results for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 are not necessarily indicative of the results that may be expected for the year ending December 31, 2020. For further information, refer to the consolidated financial statements and related notes included in the Company's Annual Report on Form 10-K for the year ended December 31, 2019.
 
Use of Estimates:  To prepare financial statements in conformity with accounting principles generally accepted in the United States of America, management makes estimates and assumptions based on available information.  These estimates and assumptions affect the amounts reported in the financial statements and the disclosures provided, and future results could differ.  The allowance for loan losses, valuation of deferred tax assets, loss contingencies, fair value of other real estate owned and fair values of financial instruments are particularly subject to change.
 
Allowance for Loan Losses: The allowance for loan losses (allowance) is a valuation allowance for probable incurred credit losses inherent in our loan portfolio, increased by the provision for loan losses and recoveries, and decreased by charge-offs of loans. Management believes the allowance for loan losses balance to be adequate based on known and inherent risks in the portfolio, past loan loss experience, information about specific borrower situations and estimated collateral values, economic conditions and other relevant factors. Allocations of the allowance may be made for specific loans, but the entire allowance is available for any loan that, in management’s judgment, should be charged-off. Loan losses are charged against the allowance when management believes the uncollectibility of a loan balance is confirmed. Management continues its collection efforts on previously charged-off balances and applies recoveries as additions to the allowance for loan losses.
 
The allowance consists of specific and general components. The specific component relates to loans that are individually classified as impaired. The general component covers non-classified loans and is based on historical loss experience adjusted for current qualitative factors. The Company maintains a loss migration analysis that tracks loan losses and recoveries based on loan class and the loan risk grade assignment for commercial loans. PPP loans receive $0 allocation as they are fully guaranteed by the SBA and are subject to be forgiven under the SBA forgiveness criteria.  At September 30, 2020, an 18 month annualized historical loss experience was used for commercial loans and a 12 month historical loss experience period was applied to residential mortgage loans and consumer loans. These historical loss percentages are adjusted (both upwards and downwards) for certain qualitative factors, including economic trends, credit quality trends, valuation trends, concentration risk, quality of loan review, changes in personnel, external factors and other considerations.  At March 31, 2020 and June 30, 2020, the qualitative factor allocations for economic trends and at September 30, 2020 the external factors were increased to provide additional coverage related to the COVID-19 pandemic.  In addition, at September 30, 2020, an additional qualitative allocation was provided on loans that remained in modified status under the CARES Act.
 
A loan is impaired when, based on current information and events, it is believed to be probable that the Company will be unable to collect all amounts due according to the contractual terms of the loan agreement. Loans for which the terms have been modified and a concession has been made, and for which the borrower is experiencing financial difficulties, are considered troubled debt restructurings and classified as impaired.
 
-11-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)
 
Commercial and commercial real estate loans with relationship balances exceeding $500,000 and an internal risk grading of 6 or worse are evaluated for impairment. If a loan is impaired, a portion of the allowance is allocated and the loan is reported at the present value of estimated future cash flows using the loan’s existing interest rate or at the fair value of collateral, less estimated costs to sell, if repayment is expected solely from the collateral. Large groups of smaller balance homogeneous loans, such as consumer and residential real estate loans, are collectively evaluated for impairment and they are not separately identified for impairment disclosures.
 
Troubled debt restructurings are also considered impaired with impairment generally measured at the present value of estimated future cash flows using the loan’s effective rate at inception or using the fair value of collateral, less estimated costs to sell, if repayment is expected solely from the collateral.

Foreclosed Assets: Assets acquired through or instead of loan foreclosure, primarily other real estate owned, are initially recorded at fair value less estimated costs to sell when acquired, establishing a new cost basis. If fair value declines, a valuation allowance is recorded through expense. Costs after acquisition are expensed unless they add value to the property.
 
Income Taxes: Income tax expense is the sum of the current year income tax due or refundable and the change in deferred tax assets and liabilities. Deferred tax assets and liabilities are the expected future tax consequences of temporary differences between the carrying amounts and tax bases of assets and liabilities, computed using enacted tax rates. A valuation allowance, if needed, reduces deferred tax assets to the amount expected to be realized.
 
The Company recognizes a tax position as a benefit only if it is "more likely than not" that the tax position would be sustained in a tax examination, with a tax examination being presumed to occur. The amount recognized is the largest amount of tax benefit that is greater than 50% likely of being realized on examination. For tax positions not meeting the "more likely than not" test, no tax benefit is recorded. The Company recognizes interest and penalties related to income tax matters in income tax expense.
 
Revenue Recognition:  The Company recognizes revenues as they are earned based on contractual terms, as transactions occur, or as services are provided and collectability is reasonably assured.  The Company’s primary source of revenue is interest income from the Bank’s loans and investment securities.  The Company also earns noninterest revenue from various banking services offered by the Bank.
 
Interest Income: The Company’s largest source of revenue is interest income which is primarily recognized on an accrual basis based on contractual terms written into loans and investment contracts.
 
Noninterest Revenue:  The Company derives the majority of its noninterest revenue from: (1) service charges for deposit related services, (2) gains related to mortgage loan sales, (3) trust fees and (4) debit and credit card interchange income.  Most of these services are transaction based and revenue is recognized as the related service is provided.
 
Derivatives:  Certain of the Bank’s commercial loan customers have entered into interest rate swap agreements directly with the Bank.  At the same time the Bank enters into a swap agreement with its customer, the Bank enters into a corresponding interest rate swap agreement with a correspondent bank at terms mirroring the Bank’s interest rate swap with its commercial loan customer.   This is known as a back-to-back swap agreement.  Under this arrangement the Bank has five freestanding interest rate swaps, each of which is carried at fair value.  As the terms mirror each other, there is no income statement impact to the Bank.  At September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, the total notional amount of such agreements was $149.8 million and $70.3 million, respectively, and resulted in a derivative asset with a fair value of $5.1 million and $1.8 million, respectively, which were included in other assets and a derivative liability of $5.1 million and $1.8 million, respectively, which were included in other liabilities.
 
Reclassifications: Some items in the prior period financial statements were reclassified to conform to the current presentation.

-12-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 1 – SUMMARY OF SIGNIFICANT ACCOUNTING POLICIES (Continued)

Adoption of New Standards:  On March 12, 2020, the Securities Exchange Commission finalized amendments to the definitions of “accelerated” and “large accelerated filer” definitions. The amendments increase the threshold criteria for meeting these categories and are effective on April 27, 2020.  Prior to these changes, the Company was designated as an “accelerated” filer as it had more than $75 million in public float but less than $700 million at the end of the Company’s most recent second quarter.  The rule change expands the definition of “smaller reporting companies” to include entities with public float of less than $700 million and less than $100 million in annual revenues in its most recent fiscal year.  The Company has met this expanded category of smaller reporting company at the June 30, 2020 measurement date and will no longer be considered an accelerated filer.  If the Company’s annual revenues exceed $100 million in a given fiscal year, its category will change back to “accelerated filer”.  The categorization of “accelerated” or “large accelerated filer” drives the requirement for a public company to obtain an auditor attestation of its internal control over financial reporting.  Smaller reporting companies also have additional time to file quarterly and annual financial statements.  All public companies are required to obtain and file annual financial statement audits, as well as provide management’s assertion on effectiveness of internal control over financial reporting, but the external auditor attestation of internal control over financial reporting is not required if a company is not an accelerated or large accelerated filer.  As the Bank has total assets exceeding $1.0 billion, it remains subject to FDICIA, which requires an auditor attestation of internal controls over the Bank’s regulatory financial reporting.  As such, other than the additional time provided to file quarterly and annual financial statements, this change did not significantly change the Company’s annual reporting and audit requirements.

Newly Issued Not Yet Effective Standards:  FASB issued ASU No. 2016-13, Financial Instruments—Credit Losses (Topic 326): Measurement of Credit Losses on Financial Instruments.  This ASU provides financial statement users with more decision-useful information about the expected credit losses on financial instruments and other commitments to extend credit held by a reporting entity at each reporting date by replacing the incurred loss impairment methodology in current GAAP with a methodology that reflects expected credit losses and requires consideration of a broader range of reasonable and supportable information to inform credit loss estimates.  The new guidance eliminates the probable initial recognition threshold and, instead, reflects an entity’s current estimate of all expected credit losses. The new guidance broadens the information that an entity must consider in developing its expected credit loss estimate for assets measured either collectively or individually to include forecasted information, as well as past events and current conditions. There is no specified method for measuring expected credit losses, and an entity is allowed to apply methods that reasonably reflect its expectations of the credit loss estimate. Although an entity may still use its current systems and methods for recording the allowance for credit losses, under the new rules, the inputs used to record the allowance for credit losses generally will need to change to appropriately reflect an estimate of all expected credit losses and the use of reasonable and supportable forecasts. Additionally, credit losses on available-for-sale debt securities will now have to be presented as an allowance rather than as a write-down.

ASU No. 2019-10 Financial Instruments – Credit Losses (Topic 326), Derivatives and Hedging (Topic 815), and Leases (Topic 842) – Effective Dates updated the effective date of this ASU for smaller reporting companies, such as the Company, to fiscal years beginning after December 15, 2022.  The Company selected a software vendor for applying this new ASU, began implementation of the software in the second quarter of 2018, completed integration during the third quarter of 2018 and ran parallel computations with both systems using the current GAAP incurred loss model in the fourth quarter of 2018.  The Company went live with this software beginning in January 2019 for its monthly incurred loss computations and began modeling the new current expected credit loss model assumptions to the allowance for loan losses computation.  In the second, third and fourth quarters of 2019, the Company modeled the various methods prescribed in the ASU against the Company’s identified loan segments.  The Company anticipates continuing to run parallel computations and fine tune assumptions as it continues to evaluate the impact of adoption of the new standard.  The COVID-19 pandemic that broke out in the United States in the first quarter of 2020 may have a significant impact on allowance computations under the incurred loss model which would be amplified under the new standard.

-13-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 2 – SECURITIES
 
The amortized cost and fair value of securities at period-end were as follows (dollars in thousands):

   
Amortized
Cost
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
September 30, 2020
                       
Available for Sale
                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agency securities
 
$
59,606
   
$
425
   
$
(52
)
 
$
59,979
 
U.S. Agency MBS and CMOs
   
60,110
     
1,629
     
(2
)
   
61,737
 
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
   
45,243
     
1,928
     
(1
)
   
47,170
 
Taxable state and municipal bonds
   
53,220
     
1,714
     
(20
)
   
54,914
 
Corporate bonds and other debt securities
   
5,933
     
195
     
     
6,128
 
   
$
224,112
   
$
5,891
   
$
(75
)
 
$
229,928
 
Held to Maturity
                               
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
 
$
91,394
   
$
3,748
   
$
   
$
95,142
 

   
Amortized
Cost
   
Gross
Unrealized
Gains
   
Gross
Unrealized
Losses
   
Fair
Value
 
December 31, 2019
                       
Available for Sale
                       
U.S. Treasury and federal agency securities
 
$
74,839
   
$
95
   
$
(185
)
 
$
74,749
 
U.S. Agency MBS and CMOs
   
45,795
     
474
     
(68
)
   
46,201
 
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
   
44,718
     
1,244
     
     
45,962
 
Taxable state and municipal bonds
   
51,683
     
404
     
(65
)
   
52,022
 
Corporate bonds and other debt securities
   
6,263
     
55
     
(3
)
   
6,315
 
   
$
223,298
   
$
2,272
   
$
(321
)
 
$
225,249
 
Held to Maturity
                               
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
 
$
82,720
   
$
2,408
   
$
   
$
85,128
 

There were no sales of securities in the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019.
 
Contractual maturities of debt securities at September 30, 2020 were as follows (dollars in thousands):

   
Held–to-Maturity Securities
   
Available-for-Sale Securities
 
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Fair
Value
   
Amortized
Cost
   
Fair
Value
 
Due in one year or less
 
$
28,636
   
$
28,833
   
$
34,257
   
$
34,479
 
Due from one to five years
   
29,384
     
30,567
     
64,101
     
66,323
 
Due from five to ten years
   
14,749
     
16,076
     
68,427
     
70,321
 
Due after ten years
   
18,625
     
19,666
     
57,327
     
58,805
 
   
$
91,394
   
$
95,142
   
$
224,112
   
$
229,928
 

-14-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 2 – SECURITIES (Continued)

Securities with unrealized losses at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, aggregated by investment category and length of time that individual securities have been in a continuous unrealized loss position, were as follows (dollars in thousands):

   
Less than 12 Months
   
12 Months or More
   
Total
 
September 30, 2020
 
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
 
Available for Sale
                                   
U.S. Treasury and federal agency securities
 
$
12,948
   
$
(52
)
 
$
   
$
   
$
12,948
   
$
(52
)
U.S. Agency MBS and CMOs
   
1,971
     
(2
)
   
     
     
1,971
     
(2
)
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
   
755
     
(1
)
   
     
     
755
     
(1
)
Taxable state and municipal bonds
   
3,343
     
(20
)
   
     
     
3,343
     
(20
)
Corporate bonds and other debt securities
   
     
     
     
     
     
 
Total
 
$
19,017
   
$
(75
)
 
$
   
$
   
$
19,017
   
$
(75
)
                                                 
Held to Maturity
                                               
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
 
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
 

   
Less than 12 Months
   
12 Months or More
   
Total
 
December 31, 2019
 
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
   
Fair
Value
   
Unrealized
Loss
 
Available for Sale
                                   
U.S. Treasury and federal agency securities
 
$
15,009
   
$
(97
)
 
$
27,026
   
$
(87
)
 
$
42,035
   
$
(184
)
U.S. Agency MBS and CMOs
   
19,117
     
(56
)
   
1,196
     
(12
)
   
20,313
     
(68
)
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
   
319
     
     
     
     
319
     
 
Taxable state and municipal bonds
   
8,569
     
(57
)
   
2,981
     
(9
)
   
11,550
     
(66
)
Corporate bonds and other debt securities
   
932
     
     
852
     
(3
)
   
1,784
     
(3
)
Total temporarily impaired
 
$
43,946
   
$
(210
)
 
$
32,055
   
$
(111
)
 
$
76,001
   
$
(321
)
                                                 
Held to Maturity
                                               
Tax-exempt state and municipal bonds
 
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
 

Other-Than-Temporary-Impairment
 
Management evaluates securities for other-than-temporary impairment ("OTTI") at least on a quarterly basis, and more frequently when economic or market conditions warrant such an evaluation. At September 30, 2020, 16 securities available for sale with fair values totaling $19.0 million had unrealized losses totaling $75,000.  At September 30, 2020, there were no securities held to maturity which had unrealized losses.  Management has the intent and ability to hold the securities classified as held to maturity until they mature, at which time the Company will receive full value for the securities.  In addition, management believes it is more likely than not that the Company will not be required to sell any of its investment securities before a recovery of cost.  Management determined that the unrealized losses for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 were attributable to changes in interest rates and not due to credit quality.  As such, no OTTI charges were necessary during each period.
 
Securities with a carrying value of approximately $6.1 million and $3.0 million were pledged as security for public deposits, letters of credit and for other purposes required or permitted by law at September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019, respectively.
 
-15-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS
 
Portfolio loans were as follows (dollars in thousands):

   
September 30,
2020
   
December 31,
2019
 
Commercial and industrial:
           
Commercial and industrial, excluding PPP
 
$
413,702
   
$
499,572
 
Paycheck protection program (PPP)
   
339,216
     
 
Total commercial and industrial
   
752,918
     
499,572
 
Commercial real estate:
               
Residential developed
   
10,072
     
14,705
 
Vacant and unimproved
   
45,534
     
41,796
 
Commercial development
   
605
     
665
 
Residential improved
   
117,202
     
130,861
 
Commercial improved
   
273,355
     
292,799
 
Manufacturing and industrial
   
112,155
     
117,632
 
Total commercial real estate
   
558,923
     
598,458
 
Consumer
               
Residential mortgage
   
164,818
     
211,049
 
Unsecured
   
189
     
274
 
Home equity
   
61,276
     
70,936
 
Other secured
   
4,211
     
5,338
 
Total consumer
   
230,494
     
287,597
 
Total loans
   
1,542,335
     
1,385,627
 
Allowance for loan losses
   
(16,558
)
   
(17,200
)
   
$
1,525,777
   
$
1,368,427
 

Included in commercial and industrial loans at September 30, 2020 are $339.2 million in loans issued under the PPP. This program was created by the CARES Act in March 2020 to support businesses through the COVID-19 pandemic.  Under the program, borrowers who use the funds for payroll and certain other expenses are eligible to have the loan balances forgiven by the SBA.  Applications for forgiveness can be submitted to the Bank beginning 8 weeks after loan disbursement.  The loans are 100% guaranteed by the SBA.  We expect the majority of PPP loans to qualify for and receive forgiveness from the SBA by early 2021.  This expectation is subject to change due to borrower behavior, changing SBA requirements and processes related to loan forgiveness and other relevant factors.

-16-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)

Activity in the allowance for loan losses by portfolio segment was as follows (dollars in thousands):

Three months ended September 30, 2020
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Beginning balance
 
$
5,431
   
$
7,262
   
$
3,138
   
$
24
   
$
15,855
 
Charge-offs
   
     
     
(24
)
   
     
(24
)
Recoveries
   
22
     
168
     
37
     
     
227
 
Provision for loan losses
   
513
     
237
     
(242
)
   
(8
)
   
500
 
Ending Balance
 
$
5,966
   
$
7,667
   
$
2,909
   
$
16
   
$
16,558
 

Three months ended September 30, 2019
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Beginning balance
 
$
7,231
   
$
6,309
   
$
3,296
   
$
50
   
$
16,886
 
Charge-offs
   
     
     
(48
)
   
     
(48
)
Recoveries
   
233
     
51
     
23
     
     
307
 
Provision for loan losses
   
23
     
105
     
(105
)
   
(23
)
   
 
Ending Balance
 
$
7,487
   
$
6,465
   
$
3,166
   
$
27
   
$
17,145
 

Nine months ended September 30, 2020
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Beginning balance
 
$
7,658
   
$
6,521
   
$
3,009
   
$
12
   
$
17,200
 
Charge-offs
   
(1,192
)
   
(2,957
)
   
(97
)
   
     
(4,246
)
Recoveries
   
124
     
1,159
     
121
     
     
1,404
 
Provision for loan losses
   
(624
)
   
2,944
     
(124
)
   
4
     
2,200
 
Ending Balance
 
$
5,966
   
$
7,667
   
$
2,909
   
$
16
   
$
16,558
 

Nine months ended September 30, 2019
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Beginning balance
 
$
6,856
   
$
6,544
   
$
3,449
   
$
27
   
$
16,876
 
Charge-offs
   
     
(132
)
   
(114
)
   
     
(246
)
Recoveries
   
510
     
342
     
113
     
     
965
 
Provision for loan losses
   
121
     
(289
)
   
(282
)
   
     
(450
)
Ending Balance
 
$
7,487
   
$
6,465
   
$
3,166
   
$
27
   
$
17,145
 

-17-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)
 
The following table presents the balance in the allowance for loan losses and the recorded investment in loans by portfolio segment and based on impairment method (dollars in thousands):

September 30, 2020
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Allowance for loan losses:
                             
Ending allowance attributable to loans:
                             
Individually reviewed for impairment
 
$
660
   
$
26
   
$
330
   
$
   
$
1,016
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
5,306
     
7,641
     
2,579
     
16
     
15,542
 
Total ending allowance balance
 
$
5,966
   
$
7,667
   
$
2,909
   
$
16
   
$
16,558
 
Loans:
                                       
Individually reviewed for impairment
 
$
2,803
   
$
2,175
   
$
4,356
   
$
   
$
9,334
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
750,115
     
556,748
     
226,138
     
     
1,533,001
 
Total ending loans balance
 
$
752,918
   
$
558,923
   
$
230,494
   
$
   
$
1,542,335
 

December 31, 2019
 
Commercial
and
Industrial
   
Commercial
Real Estate
   
Consumer
   
Unallocated
   
Total
 
Allowance for loan losses:
                             
Ending allowance attributable to loans:
                             
Individually reviewed for impairment
 
$
1,213
   
$
32
   
$
379
   
$
   
$
1,624
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
6,445
     
6,489
     
2,630
     
12
     
15,576
 
Total ending allowance balance
 
$
7,658
   
$
6,521
   
$
3,009
   
$
12
   
$
17,200
 
Loans:
                                       
Individually reviewed for impairment
 
$
5,797
   
$
2,928
   
$
5,140
   
$
   
$
13,865
 
Collectively evaluated for impairment
   
493,775
     
595,530
     
282,457
     
     
1,371,762
 
Total ending loans balance
 
$
499,572
   
$
598,458
   
$
287,597
   
$
   
$
1,385,627
 

-18-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)
 
The following table presents loans individually evaluated for impairment by class of loans as of September 30, 2020 (dollars in thousands):

September 30, 2020
 
Unpaid
Principal
Balance
   
Recorded
Investment
   
Allowance
Allocated
 
With no related allowance recorded:
                 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
168
   
$
168
   
$
 
Commercial real estate:
                       
Residential improved
   
120
     
120
     
 
Commercial improved
   
1,290
     
1,290
     
 
     
1,410
     
1,410
     
 
Consumer
   
     
     
 
Total with no related allowance recorded
 
$
1,578
   
$
1,578
   
$
 
With an allowance recorded:
                       
Commercial and industrial
 
$
2,635
   
$
2,635
   
$
660
 
Commercial real estate:
                       
Residential developed
   
70
     
70
     
3
 
Commercial improved
   
350
     
350
     
13
 
Manufacturing and industrial
   
345
     
345
     
10
 
     
765
     
765
     
26
 
Consumer:
                       
Residential mortgage
   
3,784
     
3,784
     
286
 
Unsecured
   
142
     
142
     
11
 
Home equity
   
406
     
406
     
31
 
Other secured
   
24
     
24
     
2
 
     
4,356
     
4,356
     
330
 
Total with an allowance recorded
 
$
7,756
   
$
7,756
   
$
1,016
 
Total
 
$
9,334
   
$
9,334
   
$
1,016
 

-19-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)
 
The following table presents loans individually evaluated for impairment by class of loans as of December 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands):

December 31, 2019
 
Unpaid
Principal
Balance
   
Recorded
Investment
   
Allowance
Allocated
 
With no related allowance recorded:
                 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
180
   
$
180
   
$
 
Commercial real estate:
                       
Vacant and unimproved
   
130
     
130
     
 
Residential improved
   
377
     
377
     
 
Commercial improved
   
1,380
     
1,380
     
 
     
1,887
     
1,887
     
 
Consumer
   
     
     
 
Total with no related allowance recorded
 
$
2,067
   
$
2,067
   
$
 
With an allowance recorded:
                       
Commercial and industrial
 
$
5,617
   
$
5,617
   
$
1,213
 
Commercial real estate:
                       
Residential developed
   
76
     
76
     
3
 
Residential improved
   
28
     
28
     
2
 
Commercial improved
   
578
     
578
     
16
 
Manufacturing and industrial
   
359
     
359
     
11
 
     
1,041
     
1,041
     
32
 
Consumer:
                       
Residential mortgage
   
4,242
     
4,242
     
313
 
Unsecured
   
198
     
198
     
14
 
Home equity
   
677
     
677
     
50
 
Other secured
   
23
     
23
     
2
 
     
5,140
     
5,140
     
379
 
Total with an allowance recorded
 
$
11,798
   
$
11,798
   
$
1,624
 
Total
 
$
13,865
   
$
13,865
   
$
1,624
 

-20-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)
 
The following table presents information regarding average balances of impaired loans and interest recognized on impaired loans for the three and nine month periods ended September 30, 2020 and 2019 (dollars in thousands):

 
Three
Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Three
Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
   
Nine
Months
Ended
September 30,
2020
   
Nine
Months
Ended
September 30,
2019
 
Average of impaired loans during the period:
                       
Commercial and industrial
 
$
2,208
   
$
3,781
   
$
4,362
   
$
5,304
 
Commercial real estate:
                               
Residential developed
   
71
     
146
     
72
     
161
 
Vacant and unimproved
   
     
62
     
     
107
 
Residential improved
   
168
     
538
     
211
     
421
 
Commercial improved
   
1,650
     
2,071
     
4,652
     
2,187
 
Manufacturing and industrial
   
347
     
366
     
352
     
372
 
Consumer
   
4,441
     
5,599
     
4,687
     
5,900
 
Interest income recognized during impairment:
                               
Commercial and industrial
   
23
     
174
     
303
     
692
 
Commercial real estate
   
33
     
45
     
193
     
141
 
Consumer
   
41
     
70
     
153
     
210
 
Cash-basis interest income recognized
                               
Commercial and industrial
   
13
     
160
     
298
     
707
 
Commercial real estate
   
33
     
48
     
218
     
149
 
Consumer
   
43
     
71
     
148
     
210
 

-21-

Index
MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)

Nonaccrual loans include both smaller balance homogeneous loans that are collectively evaluated for impairment and individually classified impaired loans.  The following tables present the recorded investment in nonaccrual and loans past due over 90 days still on accrual by class of loans as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 (dollars in thousands):

September 30, 2020
 
Nonaccrual
   
Over 90
days
Accruing
 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
   
$
 
Commercial real estate:
               
Residential improved
   
97
     
 
     
97
     
 
Consumer:
               
Residential mortgage
   
98
     
 
     
98
     
 
Total
 
$
195
   
$
 

December 31, 2019
 
Nonaccrual
   
Over 90 days
Accruing
 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
   
$
 
Commercial real estate:
               
Residential improved
   
98
     
 
     
98
     
 
Consumer:
               
Residential mortgage
   
105
     
 
     
105
     
 
Total
 
$
203
   
$
 

-22-

MACATAWA BANK CORPORATION
 NOTES TO CONSOLIDATED FINANCIAL STATEMENTS
(Unaudited)


NOTE 3 – LOANS (Continued)

The following table presents the aging of the recorded investment in past due loans as of September 30, 2020 and December 31, 2019 by class of loans (dollars in thousands):

September 30, 2020
 
30-90
Days
   
Greater Than
90 Days
   
Total
Past Due
   
Loans Not
Past Due
   
Total
 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
65
   
$
   
$
65
   
$
752,853
   
$
752,918
 
Commercial real estate:
                                       
Residential developed
   
     
     
     
10,072
     
10,072
 
Vacant and unimproved
   
     
     
     
45,534
     
45,534
 
Commercial development
   
     
     
     
605
     
605
 
Residential improved
   
     
97
     
97
     
117,105
     
117,202
 
Commercial improved
   
161
     
     
161
     
273,194
     
273,355
 
Manufacturing and industrial
   
     
     
     
112,155
     
112,155
 
     
161
     
97
     
258
     
558,665
     
558,923
 
Consumer:
                                       
Residential mortgage
   
     
97
     
97
     
164,721
     
164,818
 
Unsecured
   
     
     
     
189
     
189
 
Home equity
   
104
     
     
104
     
61,172
     
61,276
 
Other secured
   
     
     
     
4,211
     
4,211
 
     
104
     
97
     
201
     
230,293
     
230,494
 
Total
 
$
330
   
$
194
   
$
524
   
$
1,541,811
   
$
1,542,335
 

December 31, 2019
 
30-90
Days
   
Greater Than
90 Days
   
Total
Past Due
   
Loans Not
Past Due
   
Total
 
Commercial and industrial
 
$
   
$
   
$
   
$
499,572
   
$
499,572
 
Commercial real estate: